Part 2: On History
Part Two, “On History,” provides readings, primary sources, and multimedia resources for understanding the history of the U.S. immigration detention system including the era of Chinese exclusion, Japanese internment, Great Depression deportations and Operation Wetback, the War on Drugs, 9/11, and the War on Terror.
"ICE Seeks Permission to Destroy Records of Sexual Assaults and Deaths,” by Jorge Rivas, August 29, 2017
The below lists of readings, primary sources, and supplementary materials are organized into these categories:
- Introductory Readings on Immigration, Exclusion, and Mass Incarceration
- Era of Chinese Exclusion and Great Depression Deportations
- WWII and Japanese Internment
- Cold War
- War on Drugs, 9/11, and War on Terror
Introductory Readings on Immigration, Exclusion, and Mass Incarceration
- Bright, Charles, “Introduction: The Prison and its Political Contexts,” in The Powers that Punish: Prison and Politics in the Era of the “Big House,”1920–1955. University of Michigan Press, 1996.
- Daniels, Roger, “The Beginnings of Immigration Restriction, 1882–1917,” in Guarding the Golden Door: American Immigration Policy and Immigrants Since 1882. Hill and Wang, 2004.
- Foucault, Michel. Discipline & Punish: The Birth of the Prison. Random House, 1977.
- Goodman, Adam, “Nation of Migrants, Historians of Migration,” Journal of American Ethnic History, Vol. 34 (2015): 7–16.
- Morris, Norval and David Rothman, eds. The Oxford History of the Prison. Oxford University Press, 1995.
- Silverman, Sarah, “Immigration Detention in America: A History of its Expansion and a Study of its Significance,” Centre on Migration, Policy and Society, working paper 80, University of Oxford, 2010.
- Smith, Caleb. The Prison and the American Imagination. Yale University Press, 2011.
- Spickard, Paul, “Immigration, Race, Ethnicity, Colonialism,” in Almost All Aliens: Immigration, Race, and Colonialism in American History and Identity. Routledge, 2007
- Thompson, Heather Ann, “Why Mass Incarceration Matters: Rethinking Crisis, Decline, and Transformation in Postwar American History.” Journal of American History 97 (2010) 703–34.
- Trouillot, Michel. Silencing the Past: Power and the Production of History. Beacon Press, 1995.
- Walia, Harsha, Undoing Border Imperialism. AK Press, 2013.
- Zolberg, Aristide R. A Nation by Design: Immigration Policy in the Fashioning of America. Russell Sage Foundation, 2006.
#ImmigrationSyllabus by the University of Minnesota
Voices in America Podcast
Era of Chinese Exclusion and Great Depression Deportations
- Balderrama, Francisco and Raymond Rodríguez. Decade of Betrayal: Mexican Repatriation in the 1930s. University of New Mexico Press, 2006.
- Carrigan, William D. and Clive Webb, Forgotten Dead: Mob Violence Against Mexicans in the United States, 1848–1928. Oxford University Press, 2013.
- Hernández, Kelly Lytle. City of Inmates: Conquest, Rebellion, and the Rise of Human Caging in Los Angeles, 1771–1965. University of North Carolina Press, 2017; “Hobos in Heaven: Race, Incarceration, and the Rise of Los Angeles, 1880–1910,” Pacific Historical Review 83 (2014), 410–47.
- Lee, Erika and Judy Yung. Angel Island: Immigrant Gateway to America. Oxford University Press, 2012.
- Lee, Erika. At America’s Gates: Chinese Immigration During the Exclusion Era, 1882–1943.University of North Carolina Press, 2007; “The Yellow Peril: Asian Exclusion in the Americas,” Pacific Historical Review 76 (2007) 537–62.
- Miller, Stuart Creighton. The Unwelcome Immigrant: The American Image of the Chinese, 1785–1882. University of California Press, 1969.
- Ngai, Mae M. Impossible Subjects: Illegal Aliens and the Making of Modern America. Princeton University Press, 2005.
- Saxton, Alexander. The Indispensable Enemy: Labor and the Anti-Chinese Movement in California. University of California Press, 1971.
Asiatic Exclusion League, “Proceedings,” 1908, University of Minnesota Law Library
Interview with Tyrus Wong:
“Foreigners in their Own Land,” Episode 1, The Latino Americans, PBS
Angel Island documentary: Carved in Silence (1987)
“14: Dred Scott, Wong Kim Ark, and Vanessa Lopez,” Graham Street Productions:
Ellis Island Photographs, New York Public Library
Interviews and Other Primary Sources from the Ellis Island Collection, National Park Service
WWII and Japanese Internment
- Drinnon, Richard. Keeper of Concentration Camps: Dillon S. Myer and American Racism. University of California Press, 1989.
- Daniels, Roger. Prisoners Without Trial: Japanese Americans in World War II. Hill and Wang: 2004.
- Iritani, Evelyn, “The other Japanese internment America still hasn’t fully acknowledged,” Los Angeles Times, March 20, 2017.
- Lee, Erika, “‘Military Necessity’: The Uprooting of Japanese Americans,” “‘Grave Injustices’: The Incarceration of Japanese Americans,” and “Good War/Cold War,” in The Making of Asian America. Simon and Schuster, 2015.
- Robin, Ron. The Barbed-Wire College: Reeducating German POWs in the United States During World War II. Princeton University Press: 1995.
- Rodriguez, Pedro and Pat Lauderdale, “Hegemony and Collective Memories: Japanese-American Relocation and Imprisonment on American Indian ‘Land’,” in Color Behind Bars: Racism in the U.S. Prison System. Praeger, 2014.
- Russell, Jan Jarboe. The Train to Crystal City: FDR’s Secret Prisoner Exchange Program and America’s Only Family Internment Camp During World War II. Scribner, 2016.
Executive Order 9066 Text
German POW Camps in the United States
Korematsu v. United States, 323 U.S. 214 (1944), U.S. Supreme Court case over Japanese Internment
The Suyama Project, a Digital Archive of Japanese American Resistance to Incarceration
- Bon Tempo, Carl J. Americans At the Gate: The United States and Refugees During the Cold War. Princeton University Press, 2008.
- Cartright, Evelyn. “The Plight of Haitian Refugees in South Florida,” Journal of Haitian Studies 12:2 (2006): 112–24.
- García, María Christina, Seeking Refuge: Central American Migration to Mexico, the United States, and Canada. University of California Press, 2006; “Exiles, Not Immigrants,” and “The Mariel Boatlift,” in Havana USA: Cuban Exiles and Cuban Americans in South Florida. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996.
- Gelbspan, Ross. Break-ins, Death Threats, and the FBI: The Covert War Against the Central America Movement. South End Press, 1991.
- Grandin, Greg. Empire’s Workshop: Latin America, the United States, and the Rise of the New Imperialism. Henry Holt, 2007.
- Hamm, Mark S. The Abandoned Ones: The Imprisonment and Uprising of the Mariel Boat People. Northeastern University Press, 1995.
- Kahn, Robert S. Other People’s Blood: U.S. Immigration Prisons in the Reagan Decade. Westview Press, 1996.
- Lipman, Jana K. “A Refugee Camp in America: Fort Chaffee and Vietnamese and Cuban Refugees, 1975–1982,” Journal of American Ethnic History 33 (2014) 57–87.
- Ojito, Mirta. Finding Mañana: A Memoir of a Cuban Exodus. New York: Penguin, 2005.
- Rabe, Stephen G. The Killing Zone: The United States Wages Cold War in Latin America. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.
- Rosas, Ana Elizabeth. Abrazando el Espíritu: Bracero Families Confront the US-Mexico Border. University of California Press, 2014.
- Shull, Kristina, “‘A Recession-Proof Industry’: Reagan’s Immigration Crisis and the Birth of the Neoliberal Security State.” Border Criminologies, 2015; “Nobody Wants These People: Reagan’s Immigration Crisis and the Containment of Foreign Bodies,” in Body/Nation: The Global Realms of U.S. Body Politics in the Twentieth Century. Duke University Press, 2014.
The Cold War: A Pop Culture Timeline
War on Drugs, 9/11, and War on Terror
- Chishti, Muzaffar and Claire Bergeron, “Post-9/11 Policies Dramatically Alter the U.S. Immigration Landscape,” Migration Policy Institute, September 28, 2011.
- Dow, Mark, “Unchecked Power Against Undesirables: Haitians, Mariel Cubans, and Guantánamo,” in Keeping Out the Other: A Critical Introduction to Immigration Enforcement Today. Columbia University Press, 2008.
- Fernandez, Deepa, “The Border Crackdown” and “Roundups and Registration, Detention and Deportation,” in Targeted: Homeland Security and the Business of Immigration. Seven Stories Press, 2007.
- Jamal, Amaney A. and Nadine Christine Naber. Race and Arab Americans Before and After 9/11: From Invisible Citizens to Visible Subjects. Syracuse University Press, 2008.
- Malone, Dan, “Immigration, Terrorism, and Secret Prisons,” in Keeping Out the Other: A Critical Introduction to Immigration Enforcement Today. Columbia University Press, 2008.
- McCoy, Alfred. A Question of Torture: CIA Interrogation, from the Cold War to the War on Terror. Henry Holt, 2006.
- Nguyen, Tram. We Are All Suspects Now: Untold Stories From Immigrant Communities After 9/11. Beacon Press, 2005.
- Shiekh, Irum. Detained Without Cause: Muslims’ Stories of Detention and Deportation in America After 9/11. Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.
- Volpp, Leti, “The Citizen and the Terrorist,” UCLA Law Review (2002): 1575–1600.
- Zilberg, Elena. Space of Detention: The Making of a Transnational Gang Crisis between Los Angeles and San Salvador. Duke University Press, 2011.
A Price Too High: U.S. Families Torn Apart by Deportations for Drug Offenses, Human Rights Watch, 2015.
Fact Sheet: The Secure Fence Act of 2006, George W. Bush White House Archives
Immigration Battle, PBS Frontline: